During the last 30 years, the world has changed drastically and the digitalisation has also affected the education sector. The start of the transformation can be linked to the launch of the Internet during the 80s. Then, from the 1990s, the first distance learning courses were developed, meaning that institutions started making use of online education. Also, it is around those years that the term e-learning became common.
Considering the last decade, people have started recognising the fourth industrial revolution – a fusion of physical, digital, and biological technologies which affects different sectors, including the education field. This revolution is lead by Artificial Intelligence (AI); machines capable of learning, thinking and behaving like humans. AI is currently becoming increasingly popular, considering the developments in machine learning and deep learning.
In conformity with the printing press and the Internet, AI will have a critical role in the digital learning industry. Indeed, several studies have already outlined that AI will determine how learners interact with the system, how they learn and which topics they need to know to have successful learning outcomes.
In addition, Artificial Intelligence will recommend topics based on people’s competencies, provide career paths and mapping. Additionally, it will offer a great level of customisation which will deliver a unique online learning experience for each individual.
Furthermore, not only will AI be focused on providing multimedia educational materials and recommendations to students, but thanks to the access to data clouds, AI will also be able to learn new topics and skills. As well as this, predictions confirm that it will substitute human teachers when it comes to grade students. Finally, AI will also be able to create CVs based on pre-provided courses online.
Will AI impact on modes of learning too?
It depends on the type of learner. Most people currently prefer self-paced courses or instructor-led courses. This means that people need and would like to interact with a human instructor when it comes to education. However, there are some limitations connected to these courses. Indeed, tutors are not always available and people need to be flexible to fit the course in their busy timetables.
On the contrary, having an AI tutor who acts as a human by interacting with students and answering questions in real time can be a solution. With the progress that is happening in the tech sector, the age of AI tutors will soon affect the present. This development will have a huge impact on the learning and training sector.