Collaboration is an important skill that employers all around the world are looking for. Nevertheless, many candidates in the market may lack this skill. Therefore, schools should adopt methodologies which will give learners the opportunity to participate in collaborative projects.
What is collaborative learning?
Firstly, collaborative learning is a methodology of active learning where two or more students interact and work to achieve a common purpose.
There are three methodologies to develop collaborative working skills. These include collaboration, cooperation and competition.
Collaboration is a methodology in which students progress with the other members of the group and work together on the same goal. With this method, learners are accountable to one another and will self-manage the projects.
Cooperation is a modality in which students work together but also have the possibility to operate on their own. With this method of collaboration, students get a strong sense of accountability.
Finally, competition is considered as an effective way to develop students collaborative, entrepreneurship and leadership skills.
What are the benefits of collaborative learning?
Collaborative learning can have many outcomes and can benefit students both in a tangible and intangible way.
- Improved performance: Research proves that collaborative working brings more value to the whole student learning experience rather than individual tasks. Therefore, learners better enhance their student performance and progression.
- Embedded learning: Collaboration allows students to better remember topics as individuals learn better from a peer rather than from other sources. As well as this, the dialogue and discussion over ideas and concepts make subjects more memorable.
- Confidence building: Collaboration permits learners to recognise their importance and value, increasing their confidence in teaching and learning from others.
- Better psychological health: There is a correlation between psychological health and collaboration. Indeed, a collaborative approach permits students to develop an emotional maturity, strong personality identity, well-adjusted social relations and optimism about individuals.
- Develop a sense of inclusivity: Through collaboration, students can feel part of a group that recognises and values the learner’s skills. As well as this, by working in groups students can focus on their strengths and gain support from the other members.