This week, our Resource List of the Week concentrates on History. Before starting, let’s give a definition of the topic.
What is Philosophy?
According to the Oxford Dictionary, Philosophy can be defined as…
“…the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.”
To better understand the topic, we suggest you read the following titles.
1. Philosophical Introductions – Habermas, Jürgen
This title brings together five volumes of the author’s academic papers. Firstly, it delves into his philosophical thought, from the theory of rationality to the critique of metaphysics. Secondly, each volume has introductions that are written in a remarkably clear and engaging way. Furthermore, in the five chapters that make up this volume, it discusses different topics: the concept of communicative action and the grounding of the social sciences in the theory of language; the relationship between rationality and the theory of language; discourse ethics; political theory and problems of democracy and legitimacy.
2. The Problem of Knowledge – Macintosh, Douglas Clyde
This book reviews the common problems of philosophy, as well as critiquing the varied methodological theories of the time. Firstly, it outlines that a theory of knowledge may be either dualistic, monistic, realistic or idealistic. Secondly, it examines the resulting doctrines, and also considers mysticism, psychology, logic, consciousness, intellectualism and scientific method. The title is a fascinating insight into early 20th-century philosophy.
3. Philosophy of Language – Miller, Alexander
This title provides a comprehensive, meticulous survey of the 20th-century and contemporary philosophical theories of meaning. Firstly, it interweaves the historical development of the subject, including a thematic overview of the different approaches to its meaning. Secondly, it provides students with the tools necessary to understand contemporary analytic philosophy. Finally, it explains foundational theories on sense and reference as well as offer a clear exposition of the development of subsequent arguments in the philosophy of language.
4. Philosophy of Mind – Kim, Jaegwon
This book is an introduction to the subject for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. It focuses on the mind, body and their related issues, as well as some touching on the status of psychology and cognitive science. Furthermore, it reflects developments of the past decade, and it is the only text of its kind that provides a serious and respectful treatment of substance dualism. Finally, it also includes chapters on the nature and status of consciousness.
5. A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time – Bardon, Adrian
This final book is a concise and accessible survey of the history of philosophical and scientific developments in understanding time and our experience of time. It discusses prominent ideas about the nature of time as well as many subsidiary puzzles about time, from the classical period through the present.