This week, our Resource List of the Week focuses on Biochemical Engineering. Before starting, let’s give a definition to this topic.
What is Biochemical Engineering?
According to Thermopedia, Biochemical Engineering can be defined as an…
“extension of chemical engineering principles to systems using a biological catalyst to bring about desired chemical transformations.”
To better understand the topic, we suggest you read the following titles and resources.
1. New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Crop Improvement – Prasad, R., Gill, S.S., and Tuteja, N.
This book explains how certain techniques can be used to manipulate plant growth and development, focusing on the cross-kingdom transfer of genes to incorporate novel phenotypes in plants, including the utilization of microbes at every step. Firstly, the title covers microbial biotechnology in sustainable agriculture, aiming to improve crop productivity under stress conditions. Secondly, it includes sections on genes encoding virulence factors of bacteria and fungi, viral coat proteins of plant viruses, insecticidal toxins and herbicide tolerance enzymes. Then, it introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in crop improvement. Finally,it lists various new developments in enhancing plant productivity and efficiency.
2. Stem Cells – Arrighi, N.
This title traces the discovery of stem cells and induced pluripotent cells. Firstly, it establishes the links between cell development, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Secondly, this work opens up unexpected applications in tissue engineering, with the development of tissues or organs, using cell proliferation and tissue architecture. Furthermore, it highlights the need to address the issue of bioethics and regulatory considerations. This is because stem cells can multiply and differentiate into cells specific to a particular tissue or organ, representing a vast potential in the health field.
3. Multiscale Biomechanics – Ganghoffer, JF.
This text provides new insights into the multiscale static and dynamic behaviour of both soft and hard biological tissues. Firstly, it introduces the physiological aspects of bones and biological membranes, along with micromechanical models used to compute the mechanical response. Secondly, it discusses a modern account of the mechanics in growth, remodelling and generalising models in the subject area. Finally, it considers multiscale methods for discrete homogenization, generalized constitutive models for bone, and a presentation of recent theoretical and numerical advances in the field.
4. Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering – Singh, S. P. P., Pandey, A., and Du, G.
This title covers the current perspectives and outlook on synthetic biology in agriculture, food and health sectors. Firstly, it explores the basics of synthetic biology and cell engineering as well as the applications of synthetic biology, industrial bioprocesses, and future perspectives. Secondly, information on cell engineering is supported by explanations around manipulation in the endogenous metabolic network and the fine-tuning of metabolic pathways. Finally, it provides a conceptual understanding of synthetic biology and cellular metabolic engineering.
5. Experimental Methods and Instrumentation for Chemical Engineers – Patience, G.S.
This book touches many aspects of engineering practice, research and statistics. Firstly, the principles of unit operations, transport and plant design constitute the core areas for this subject. Secondly, the title integrates these concepts with statistics and analysis to define what else can be explored within these key areas. Finally, it covers topics like metrology, notions of statistics, and design of experiments.
The main feature of this book consists of problems which have been solved and explained and help students to better understand the subject. The book is divided into three sections. The first provides a brief introduction of biochemical engineering, which deals with basics of enzyme reaction kinetics. The second relates to the cell-mediated bioprocess and introduces students to the basics of microbiology and cell culture techniques for both plant and animal cells. The final section deals with the sterilization process and its engineering considerations; also, it includes information on agitation and aeration in cellular growth and its impact on designing the bioreactors.
If you are looking to start a career in Biochemical Engineering, then this website is an invaluable resource. The site provides information on key requirements for the field, minimum degree needed average salary and the expected growth for opportunities in the sector.
This video is an interview with Biochemist Jin Montclare, who shares valuable biochemistry career guidance for anyone looking to start a job in the field.